English press: then & now

The gazettes began to appear in Italy
at the beginning of the XVII century,
but saw their greatest spreading period only in the XVIII century.

 

English vs Italian Journalism

Class 4B

The very first writer who imitated and developed
The Spectator
journal model was
Gaspare Gozzi with his
Gazzetta Veneta

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  The gazettes began to appear in Italy at the beginning of the XVII century, but saw their greatest spreading period only in the XVIII century. In fact the first gazette came out in Florence on 1636.

The publication of journals in Italy was in a first time supported by princes and governors, who needed to involve in their reformist projects all the most important social and economical classes and used them to spread politically manipulated news.

In a second time gazettes became the means through which liberal and revolutionary ideas could circulate also “to affecting governors’ and tyrants’ power”, as Matteo Galdi, a journalist of that period, writes about the purpose of periodicals.

But the literary journalism born in Rome in the 1668 with the periodical Il Giornale dei Letterati developed and also enriched successively by Venetian authors as Aldo Manuzio, Zeno, Scipione Moffei and Antonio Vallisnieri, who founded also another magazine named Giornale dei Letterati d’ Italia.

 
  The STRUCTURE of the Italian periodicals  
  It’s the result of a work of connection between experts who underlined the importance of some books and extensors who wrote the articles which dealt with history, theology, science and law.  
  The INFLUENCE of English Journalism  
Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria

Goldoni is the most illuminist writer of the Italian literary background and spread through his works, above all comedy, moral and social critics and opinions, as in England made The Tatler and The Spectator.

The very first writer who imitated and developed "The Spectator" journal model was Gaspare Gozzi with his Gazzetta Veneta which had his coming out two times a week from 1760 to 1762, made up above all by short tales and letters from imaginary and real readers.

In the 1763 the Gazzetta Veneta was replaced by La Frusta Letteraria created by Giuseppe Baretti, who attacked, through the character of Aristarco Scannabue, the political authority provoking his expulsion from Venezia.

The final mark to the Italian journalism was given by Pietro and Alessandro Verri, Cesare Beccaria with their manifest of Enlightenment Il Caffè

Pietro Verri

Pietro Verri